Oral Surgery

Oral Surgery

What is Oral Surgery?

Oral surgery is a specialized branch of dentistry that involves surgical procedures on the mouth, jaw, and face. It focuses on diagnosing and treating conditions such as impacted teeth, dental implants, facial trauma, jaw realignment, and corrective surgeries for various oral and maxillofacial (face and jaw-related; involving oral surgery and treatment) issues. These surgeries are typically performed by trained oral and maxillofacial surgeons and may require anesthesia for patient comfort. The goal of oral surgery is to improve oral function, alleviate pain, and enhance overall oral health and aesthetics.

some advantages of oral surgery

  • Corrects dental misalignment for improved bite and aesthetics.
  • Relieves pain and discomfort caused by impacted teeth.
  • Provides effective treatment for facial trauma and injuries.
  • Facilitates successful dental implant procedures.
  • Resolves various oral and maxillofacial abnormalities.
  • Enhances speech and chewing functionality.
  • Offers long-term solutions for oral health issues.
  • Restores facial symmetry and aesthetics.
  • Improves overall quality of life.
  • Often minimally invasive with advanced techniques.

Most Common Types of Oral Surgery

  • Wisdom Teeth Removal: Extracting impacted or problematic third molars to prevent crowding, pain, and infections.

  • Dental Implants: Surgically placing artificial tooth roots to support replacement teeth for missing ones.

  • Jaw Surgery (Orthognathic Surgery): Correcting jaw alignment issues, such as overbite, underbite, or crossbite.

  • Biopsies: Removing tissue for examination to diagnose oral pathologies, including potential cancerous growths.

  • Apicoectomy: Removing the tip of a tooth root to treat persistent infections after a root canal procedure.


Example of root canal procedure: