Root Canals

Root Canals

What Are root canals?

A root canal is a dental procedure performed to save a severely damaged or infected tooth. It involves removing the infected or inflamed pulp (the soft tissue inside the tooth) and cleaning the root canals. The dentist then fills and seals the canals to prevent further infection. The procedure is usually performed under local anesthesia to minimize discomfort. Root canals are necessary when deep decay, a cracked tooth, or trauma leads to bacterial infection in the pulp, causing severe pain and potential tooth loss. By preserving the natural tooth structure, root canals enable patients to maintain their natural smiles and avoid extraction.

some advantages of root canals

  • Pain relief: Eliminates severe toothache caused by infected pulp.
  • Tooth preservation: Saves natural teeth from extraction.
  • Efficient chewing: Restores normal tooth function for eating.
  • Aesthetic appearance: Preserves the natural look of the smile.
  • Prevents infection: Stops the spread of infection to other teeth or surrounding tissues.

outline of procedure

  • Anesthesia: Local anesthesia is administered to numb the affected tooth and surrounding area.
  • Pulp removal: The dentist creates an access point and removes the infected or damaged pulp from the tooth’s root canals.
  • Cleaning and shaping: The canals are carefully cleaned, disinfected, and shaped to prepare for filling.
  • Filling: The canals are filled with a biocompatible material, typically gutta-percha, to seal them and prevent further infection.
  • Restoration: After the root canal, a dental crown or filling is placed over the treated tooth to restore its function and protect it from future damage.

Example of root canal procedure: